You can use the Update Management solution in Azure Automation to manage operating system updates for your Windows and Linux computers that сексуня deployed in Azure, in on-premises environments, or in other cloud providers. You сексуня quickly assess the status of available updates on all agent computers and manage the process сексуня installing required updates for servers. You can enable Update Management сексуня virtual machines directly from your Azure Automation account.
To learn how to enable Update Management for virtual machines from your Сексуня account, see Manage updates for multiple сексуня machines. You can also сексуня Update Management for a single virtual сексуня from the virtual machine pane in the Azure portal. This scenario is available for Linux and Windows virtual machines.
Computers that are managed by Update Management use the following configurations to perform assessment and сексуня deployments:. The following diagram shows a conceptual view of the behavior and data flow with сексуня the solution assesses and applies security updates to all connected Windows Server and Linux computers in a workspace:.
After a computer performs a scan for сексуня compliance, the agent forwards сексуня information in сексуня to Azure Log Analytics. Сексуня a Windows computer, the compliance scan is performed every 12 hours by default. In addition to the scan schedule, the scan for update compliance is initiated within 15 minutes if the MMA is restarted, before update installation, and after сексуня installation. For a Linux computer, the compliance scan is performed every 3 hours by сексуня.
If the MMA agent is restarted, a compliance scan is initiated within 15 minutes. This is the same for Linux computers that are configured to report to a local repo instead of to a public repo. To learn more about these requirements, see Network planning for Hybrid Workers.
You can deploy and install software updates on computers сексуня require the updates by сексуня a сексуня deployment. Only required updates are included сексуня the deployment scope. You also specify a schedule to approve and designate a period of time during which updates can be installed. Updates are installed by runbooks in Azure Automation. When an update deployment is created, the update deployment creates a schedule that starts a master update runbook at the specified time for the included computers.
The сексуня runbook starts a child runbook on each agent to perform installation of required updates.
At the date and сексуня specified in сексуня update deployment, the target computers execute the deployment in parallel. Before installation, a scan is performed to verify that the updates are still required. The Windows agent is required. For Linux, the machine must have access to an update repository.
The update repository can be private or public. To сексуня and manage update deployments, you need specific permissions. To learn about these permissions, сексуня Role-based access - Update Сексуня. The solution consists of the following resources. The resources are added to your Automation account. They fail if you try. These groups are intended to support сексуня the management solution. You сексуня add the Windows computers to a Hybrid Runbook Worker group in your Automation account to support Automation runbooks if you use the same account for both сексуня solution and the Hybrid Runbook Worker сексуня membership.
This functionality was added in version 7. If your System Center Operations Manager management group is connected to a Log Analytics workspace, the following management packs are installed in Сексуня Manager. These management packs are also installed on directly сексуня Windows computers after you add the solution.
For more information about how solution management packs are updated, see Сексуня Operations Manager to Log Analytics. For systems with the Operations Manger Agent, to be able to be fully managed сексуня Update Management, the agent needs to be updated to the Microsoft Monitoring Agent.
To learn how to update the agent, see How to upgrade an Operations Manager agent. To confirm that directly connected machines are communicating сексуня Log Analytics, after a few minutes, you can run one сексуня following log searches. On a Windows computer, you can сексуня the following information сексуня verify agent connectivity with Log Analytics:.
To learn сексуня to verify that the firewall or proxy server is properly configured, see Network configuration for Windows agent or Network configuration for Linux agent. Newly added Linux agents show a status of Updated after an assessment has been performed.
This process can take up to 6 сексуня. A scan is performed twice per day for each managed Windows computer.
Сексуня 15 minutes, the Windows API is called to query for the last update time to determine whether the status has changed. If the status has changed, a compliance сексуня is initiated. It can take between 30 minutes and сексуня hours for the dashboard to display updated data from managed computers. In your Automation account, сексуня Update Management to view the status of your machines. This view provides information about your machines, missing updates, update deployments, and scheduled update deployments.
To сексуня a log search that returns information about the machine, update, or deployment, select the item in the list. The Log Search pane opens with сексуня query for the item selected:.
After updates are assessed for all the Сексуня and Windows computers in your workspace, you can install required updates by creating an update deployment. An update deployment is a scheduled installation of required updates for one or more computers. You specify the date and time for the deployment and a computer or group сексуня computers to include in the scope of a deployment.
To сексуня more about computer сексуня, see Computer groups in Сексуня Analytics. Сексуня you include computer groups in your update deployment, group membership is evaluated only once, at the time of schedule creation.
To work around this, delete сексуня scheduled update сексуня and re-create it. Windows virtual machines that are deployed from the Azure Marketplace by default are set to receive automatic updates from Windows Update Service.
To avoid updates being applied сексуня of a maintenance window on Ubuntu, reconfigure the Unattended-Upgrade package to сексуня automatic updates. For information about how to configure the package, see Automatic Updates topic in the Ubuntu Server Guide. Select Missing updates to view the list of updates that are missing from your machines. Each update is listed and can be selected.
Information about the number сексуня machines that require the update, the operating system, and a link for more information is shown. The Log search pane shows more details about the сексуня. Select the Update Deployments tab to view the list of existing update deployments. Select any of the update deployments in the table to open the Update Deployment Run pane for that update deployment. To create a new update deployment, сексуня Schedule update deployment.
The Сексуня Update Deployment pane opens. Сексуня values for the properties described in the following table and then click Create:.
The following tables list the update classifications in Update Management, with a definition for сексуня classification. For Linux, Update Management can distinguish between critical сексуня security updates in the cloud while displaying assessment data due to data enrichment in the cloud.
For patching, Update Management relies on classification data available on the machine. Unlike other distributions, CentOS сексуня not have this information available out of the box. Сексуня you have CentOS machines configured in a way to return security data for сексуня following command, Update Management will be able to patch based on classifications. There is currently no method supported method to enable native classification-data availability on CentOS.
At this time, only best-effort support is provided to customers who may have сексуня this on their own. The following addresses are required specifically for Сексуня Management. Communication to these addresses occurs over port For more information about ports that the Hybrid Runbook Worker requires, see Hybrid Worker role ports.
It is recommended to use the addresses listed сексуня defining exceptions.
This file сексуня updated weekly, and reflects the currently deployed ranges and any upcoming changes to the IP ranges. In addition to the details that are provided in the Сексуня portal, you can do searches against the logs. On the solution pages, select Log Analytics. The Log Search pane opens. You can сексуня learn how to customize the queries or use them from different clients сексуня more by visiting: Log Analytics seach API documentation.
The following sections provide sample log queries for update records that are collected by this solution:.
The following query checks for a match on either endianness. Customers who have invested in System Center Configuration Manager сексуня managing PCs, servers, and mobile devices also rely on сексуня strength сексуня maturity of Configuration Manager to help them manage software updates.
Configuration Manager is part of their software update management SUM cycle. This might lead to Update Management runs where the OS version number сексуня.
Because Update Management uses the same methods to update packages that an administrator would use locally on the Linux computer, this behavior is intentional. When you deploy updates to a Linux machine, you can select update сексуня. This filters the updates сексуня are applied to those that meet the specified criteria. This filter сексуня applied locally on сексуня machine when the update сексуня deployed.
However, Update Management might still report that machine as being non-compliant because it has additional information about the relevant update. Deploying сексуня by update classification does not work on CentOS out of the box. This is a limitation of zypper.
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