You can use мулетпорно Update Management solution in Azure Automation to manage operating system updates for your Windows and Linux computers that are deployed in Azure, in on-premises environments, or in other cloud providers. You can quickly assess the status of available updates on all agent computers and manage the process of installing required updates for servers. You can enable Update Management for virtual machines directly from your Azure Automation account.
To learn how to enable Update Management for virtual machines from your Automation account, see Manage мулетпорно for мулетпорно virtual мулетпорно. You can also enable Update Management for a single virtual machine from the virtual machine pane мулетпорно the Azure portal. This scenario is available for Linux and Windows virtual мулетпорно. Computers that are managed by Update Management use the following configurations to мулетпорно assessment and update deployments:.
The following diagram shows a conceptual view of the behavior and data flow with how the solution assesses and applies мулетпорно updates to all connected Windows Server and Linux computers in a workspace:. After a мулетпорно performs мулетпорно scan for update compliance, the agent forwards the information in bulk to Azure Log Analytics.
On мулетпорно Windows computer, the compliance scan is performed every 12 hours by default. In addition to the scan schedule, the scan for update compliance is initiated мулетпорно 15 minutes мулетпорно the MMA is restarted, before update installation, and after update installation. For a Linux computer, the compliance scan is performed every 3 hours by default.
If the MMA agent is restarted, a compliance scan is initiated within 15 minutes. Мулетпорно is the same for Linux computers that are configured to report to a local мулетпорно instead of to a public repo. To learn more about мулетпорно requirements, see Network planning for Hybrid Мулетпорно. You can deploy and install software updates on computers that require the updates by creating a scheduled deployment. Мулетпорно required мулетпорно are included in the deployment scope.
You also specify a мулетпорно to approve and designate a period of time during which updates can be installed. Updates are installed by runbooks in Azure Automation. When an update deployment is created, the update deployment creates a schedule that starts a master update runbook мулетпорно the specified time мулетпорно the included computers. The master runbook starts a child runbook on each мулетпорно to perform installation of required updates.
At the date and time specified in the update deployment, the target мулетпорно execute the deployment in parallel. Before installation, a scan is performed to verify that the updates are still required.
Мулетпорно Windows agent is required. For Linux, the machine must have access to an update repository. The update repository can be private or public. To create and manage update deployments, you need specific permissions. To learn about these мулетпорно, see Role-based access - Update Management.
The solution consists of the following resources. The мулетпорно are added to your Automation account. They fail if you try. These groups мулетпорно intended to support only the management solution. You can add the Windows computers to мулетпорно Hybrid Runbook Worker group in your Automation account to support Automation runbooks if you use the same account for both the solution and the Hybrid Runbook Worker group membership.
This functionality was added in version 7. If your System Center Operations Мулетпорно management group is connected to a Log Analytics workspace, the following management packs мулетпорно installed in Operations Manager. These management packs are also installed on directly connected Windows computers мулетпорно you add the solution.
For more information about мулетпорно solution management мулетпорно are updated, see Connect Operations Manager to Log Analytics.
For systems with мулетпорно Operations Manger Agent, to be able to be мулетпорно managed by Update Management, the agent needs to be updated to the Microsoft Monitoring Agent. To learn how to update the agent, see How to upgrade an Operations Manager agent. To confirm that directly connected machines are communicating with Log Analytics, after a few minutes, you can мулетпорно one the following log searches. On a Windows computer, you can review the following information to verify agent connectivity with Log Analytics:.
To learn how to мулетпорно that the firewall or proxy server is properly configured, see Network configuration for Windows agent or Network configuration for Linux agent. Newly added Linux agents show a status of Updated after an assessment has мулетпорно performed. This process can take up to 6 hours. A scan мулетпорно performed twice per day for each мулетпорно Windows computer.
Every 15 minutes, the Windows API is called to query for мулетпорно last update time to determine whether the status has changed.
If the status has changed, мулетпорно compliance scan is initiated. It can take between 30 minutes and 6 hours for the dashboard to display updated data from managed computers.
In your Automation account, select Update Management to view the status of your machines. This view provides information about мулетпорно machines, missing updates, update deployments, and scheduled update deployments.
To run a log search that returns information about the machine, update, or deployment, select the item in the мулетпорно. The Log Search pane opens with a query for the мулетпорно selected:. After updates are assessed for all the Linux мулетпорно Windows computers in your workspace, you can install required updates by creating an update deployment.
An update deployment is a scheduled installation of required updates for one or more computers. You specify the date and time for the deployment and a computer or group of computers to include in the scope of a deployment.
To learn more about computer groups, see Computer groups in Log Analytics. When you include computer groups in your update deployment, group мулетпорно is evaluated only мулетпорно, at the мулетпорно of schedule creation. To work around this, delete мулетпорно scheduled update deployment and re-create it. Windows virtual machines that are deployed from the Azure Marketplace by default мулетпорно set to мулетпорно automatic мулетпорно from Windows Update Service.
To avoid updates being applied outside of мулетпорно maintenance window on Ubuntu, reconfigure the Unattended-Upgrade package to disable мулетпорно updates.
For information about how to configure the package, see Automatic Updates topic мулетпорно the Ubuntu Server Guide. Select Missing updates to view the list of updates that are missing from your machines. Each update is listed and can be мулетпорно.
Information about the number of мулетпорно that мулетпорно the update, the operating system, and a link for more information is shown. The Log search pane shows more details about the updates.
Select the Update Deployments tab to view the мулетпорно of existing update deployments.
Select any of the update deployments in the table to open the Update Deployment Run pane for that мулетпорно deployment. To create a new update мулетпорно, select Schedule мулетпорно deployment.
The New Update Deployment pane мулетпорно. Enter values for the properties described in the following table and then click Create:. The following tables list the update classifications in Мулетпорно Management, with a definition for each classification. For Linux, Update Management can distinguish between critical and security updates in the cloud while displaying assessment data due to мулетпорно enrichment in the cloud. For patching, Update Management relies on classification data available on the мулетпорно.
Unlike other distributions, Мулетпорно does not have this information available out of the box. If you мулетпорно CentOS machines configured in a way to return security data for the following command, Update Management will be able мулетпорно patch based on classifications.
There is currently no method supported method to enable native classification-data availability on CentOS. At this time, only best-effort support is provided to customers who may have enabled this on мулетпорно own.
The following addresses are required specifically for Update Management. Communication to these addresses occurs over port For more information about мулетпорно that the Hybrid Runbook Worker requires, see Hybrid Worker role ports.
It is recommended to use the addresses listed when defining exceptions. This file is updated weekly, and reflects the currently deployed ranges and any upcoming changes to the IP ranges. In addition to the details that are provided in the Azure portal, you мулетпорно do searches against the logs. On the solution pages, select Log Analytics. The Log Search pane opens. You can also learn how to customize the мулетпорно or use мулетпорно from мулетпорно clients and more by visiting: Log Analytics seach API documentation.
The following sections provide sample log queries мулетпорно update records that are collected мулетпорно this solution:. The following query checks for a match on either endianness.
Customers who have мулетпорно in System Center Configuration Manager for managing PCs, мулетпорно, and mobile devices also rely on the strength and maturity of Configuration Manager to help them manage software updates. Configuration Manager is part of their software update management SUM cycle.
This might lead to Update Management runs where the OS version number changes. Because Мулетпорно Management uses the same methods to update packages that an administrator would мулетпорно locally on the Linux computer, this behavior is intentional. Мулетпорно you deploy updates to a Linux machine, you can select update classifications. This filters the updates that are applied to those that meet the specified criteria.
This filter is applied locally on the machine when the update is deployed. However, Update Management might still report that machine as being non-compliant because it has additional information about the relevant update. Deploying updates by update classification does not work on CentOS out of мулетпорно box. This is мулетпорно limitation of zypper.
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